STARTING WITH 'A'

  • A fortiori – for a strong reason.
  • A priori – from the antecedent to the consequent.
  • A vinculo matrimoni– from the bond of matrimony.
  • Ab extra – from outside.
  • Ab initio – from the start or inception. From the first act.
  • Absoluta sententia expositore non indiget– An absolute judgment needs no expositor (a person that explains complicated ideas or theories).
  • Abundans cautela non nocet – Abundant or extreme caution does no harm.
  • Accessorium non ducit sed sequitur suum principale– An accessory doesn’t draw, but follows its principal.
  • Accessorius sequitur – an accessory to the crime can not be guilty of a more serious crime than the principal offender.
  • Acta exteriora iudicant interiora secreta– Outward acts indicate the inward intent/secret.
  • Actio non accrevit infra sex annos– The action has not accrued within six years.
  • Actio non datur non damnificato– An action isn’t given to one who isn’t injured.
  • Actio personalis moritur cum persona – a personal/private right of action dies with the person.
  • Action mixta – mixed action.
  • Actionable per se – the very act is punishable and no proof of injury/damage is required.
  • Actiones legis– Law suits.
  • Actori incumbit onus probandi – the burden of proof lies on the plaintiff/litigator.
  • Actus curiae neminem gravabit – act of the courts, prejudice no man.
  • Actus Dei Nemini Injuriam– Law holds no man chargeable for the Act of God.
  • Actus nemini facit injuriam– The act of the law does no wrong to anyone.
  • Actus non facit reum, nisi mens sit rea – an act doesn’t make a someone guilty unless there be a criminal intent.
  • Actus reus – Wrongful act. A guilty deed or act.
  • Ad ea quae frequentius acciduunt jura adaptantur– The laws are adapted to those cases which occur/comes more frequently.
  • Ad hoc – for the particular end or case at hand / For this purpose.
  • Ad idem – at the identical point.
  • Ad infinitum – forever, without limit, to infinity.
  • Ad litem – pertaining to the case at law.
  • Ad perpetuam rei memoriam– For a perpetual memorial of the matter.
  • Ad quaestionem facti non respondent judices; ad quaestionem legis non respondent juratores– The judges don’t answer to a ques. of fact; the jury don’t answer to a ques. of Law.
  • Ad valorem – to the value or based on value.
  • Aedificare in tuo proprio solo non licet quod alteri noceat– It isn’t lawful to build on one’s own land what may be injurious to another person.
  • Aequitas legem sequitur – equity follows the law.
  • Aequitas nunquam contravenit legem – Equity never contradicts the law.
  • Alibi– At another place, elsewhere.
  • Alienatio rei praefertur juri accrescendi – Alienation is preferred by law instead of accumulation.
  • Alieni juris – of another’s right.
  • Aliunde – from another/different source.
  • Allegans Contraria Non Est Audiendus – one is not be heard who alleges things contradictory to each other. (The principle of Estoppel)
  • Allegans suam turpitudinem non est audiendus – One alleging his own infamy isn’t to be heard.
  • Allegatio contra factum non est admittenda – An allegation contrary to a deed isn’t to be heard.
  • Alter ego – A second identity living within an individual.
  • Ambiguitas contra stipulatorem est – An ambiguity is most strongly construed/used against the party using it.
  • Ambiguitas verborum patens nulla verificatione excluditur – A patent ambiguity is never helped by averment.
  • Amicus curiae – a friend of court or member of the bar who is appointed to help the court.
  • Angliae jura in omni casu libertati dant favorem – The laws of England are favorable in every case to liberty.
  • Animo furandi – With an intention of stealing/theft.
  • Animo testandi – with an intention of creating a will.
  • Animus possidendi – intention to possess.
  • Ante – before.
  • Aqua currit et debet currere, ut currere solebat – Water runs and ought to run.
  • Arbitrium est judicium– An award is a judgment.
  • Arbor dum crescit; lignum cum crescere nescit – A tree while it grows, and will be wood when it cannot grow.
  • Argumentum ab auctoritate fortissimum est in lege – An argument drawn from authority is the strongest in law.
  • Argumentum ab impossibilii plurimum valet in lege – An argument from impossibility is extremely strong in law.
  • Argumentum ad hominem – An argument directed to a someone/person.
  • Argumentum ad ignoratiam – An argument based upon ignorance (i.e., of one’s adversary).
  • Arma in armatos sumere jura sinunt – The laws permit the taking on of arms against the armed.
  • Assentio mentium – The meeting of minds, i.e., mutual assent.
  • Assignatus utitur jure auctoris– an assignee is clothed with the rights of his assignee / principal
  • Audi alteram partem – hear the opposite/other side (a principal of natural justice). / No man shall be condemned unheard.
  • Aula regis – The King’s Court.
  • Autrefois acquit – previously acquitted / antecedently innocent.

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