Section 11 CrPC – Courts of Judicial Magistrates.
11. Courts of Judicial Magistrates.
(1) In every district (not being a metropolitan area) there shall be established as many Courts of Judicial Magistrates of the first class and of the second class, and at such places, as the State Government may, after consultation with the High Court, by notification, specify:
1[Provided that the State Government may, after consultation with the High Court, establish, for any local area, one or more Special Courts of Judicial Magistrates of the first class or of the second class to try any particular case or particular class of cases, and where any such Special Court is established, no other Court of Magistrate in the local area shall have jurisdiction to try any case or class of cases for the trial of which such Special Court of Judicial Magistrate has been established.]
(2) The presiding officers of such Courts shall be appointed by the High Court.
(3) The High Court may, whenever it appears to it to be expedient or necessary, confer the powers of a Judicial Magistrate of the first class or of the second class on any member of the Judicial Service of the State, functioning as a Judge in a Civil Court.
Andaman and Nicobar Islands (U.T.).–
Union territories of Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Dadra and Nagar Haveli and Lakshadweep
In the Code, as it applies to the Union Territories to which this regulation extends, in sub-section (3) of section 11, for the words “any member of the judicial service of the state functioning as a judge in a civil court”, the words “any person discharging the functions of a civil court”, shall be substituted.
[Vide Andaman and Nicobar Islands (U.T.). Act 1 of 1974, s. 4.]
Amendment of section 11.– In section 11 of the said Code, after sub-section (1) the following subsection shall be inserted and be deemed always to have been inserted, namely :–
“”(1-A) The State Government may like-wise establish as many Courts of Judicial Magistrates of the first class and of the second class in respect to particular cases, or to a particular class or particular classes of cases; or in regard to cases, generally, in any local area.”
[Vide Uttar Pradesh Act 16 of 1976, s. 3]
Amendment of Section 11.– After sub-section (3) of Section 11 of the Code of Criminal Procedure, 1973 (2 of 1974) (hereinafter referred to as the said Code) the following sub-section shall be inserted and shall be deemed always to have been inserted, namely:–
“(4) The State Government may likewise establish for any local area one or more courts of Judicial Magistrate of the First Class or Second Class to try any particular cases or particular class or categories of cases.”
[Vide Bihar Act 8 of 1977, s. 2]
1. Added by Act 45 of 1978, s. 3 (w.e.f. 18-12-1978).